At the end of each day my feet and legs hurt all the way to my hip. I was riddled with shin splints, bunions, that damned callous, and a crazy electric sensation that rode from my knee and up my outer thigh. Still, I refused to cease and desist. That is until my run in with a podiatrist who informed me that if I wanted to be able to walk at all in ten years, I better trade in my pumps for a few pairs of modest no-higher-than-1½ -inchers and a couple pairs of New Balance sneakers. My days of being 5'6-5'8" were over. Callus formation on the ball of the foot is another common problem caused by wearing closed shoes. Weather you are wearing flats or high heel shoes the skin on the bottom of your foot can get thicker becoming painful when walking. The pitch of the shoe forces the ball of the foot to be prominent to the ground. High heels pitch the foot forward and place the ball of the foot on the ground. This causes friction and rubbing against the floor of the shoe and can cause problems when walking. These are custom-made inserts that are intended to adjust an abnormal or irregular walking pattern and providing support in the arch. Orthotics can help your feet function better and minimize, stress and pain in your feet. Providing quality foot and ankle care to every patient is our goal! Our doctors treat a range of foot and ankle conditions, from heel and arch pain, to more complex diabetic foot care management. We invite you to learn more about the services we provide below. If you have any questions, or would like to meet with one of our doctors, please contact us directly. Flat foot that goes untreated can lead to deformity of the foot and/or excessive pronation (ankles turn inward) and foot surgery is the only way to correct the problem. Most surgeries involve removing a wedge of bone to change the angle of the heel bone. Recovery time for this type of foot surgery can last for up to several weeks as the foot will need to be casted and immobilized. When a diabetic has visits with their physician, they need to bring up any issues they are having with their feet too their physician. Pain, tingling and foot sensitivity should not be overlooked and ignored. The time of day you shop for shoes also matters. If you run in the evenings, then you should try on running shoes at that time to ensure that at the end of the day after your foot has spread or widened, you find the right size to accommodate it. When you run, your full body weight is pounding down on your feet and they must absorb all of this pressure. Therefore, it is important to make sure you purchase a larger size than you wear in your work shoes. This will give your foot more room to spread out. Another painful foot problem is a callus Calluses are thickened areas of skin that may occur on the ball of the foot or on top of a bunion. They usually develop as a result of wearing poorly fitted shoes. High heels often cause calluses as they exert pressure on the ball of the foot. Calluses can be treated at home by massaging them with an over the counter ointment and then rubbing off the dead skin with a pumice stone. If this is ineffective, a podiatrist can remove the callus chemically or with surgery. A corn is basically the same as a callus but just smaller. There are several things to do to take care of your nails if you have a fungal nail infection. Always keep your nails cut short and file down any thick areas. Don't use the same nail trimmer or file on healthy nails and infected nails. Bring your own nail files and trimmers from home if you have your nails professionally manicured. Change your socks when they are damp from sweat, or if your feet get wet. Wear 100 percent cotton socks, and make sure you put on clean, dry socks each day. You can use an over-the-counter foot powder inside your socks to keep your feet dry. Rigid orthotic devices are designed to control foot function, and may be made from a firm material such as plastic or carbon fiber. These types of orthotics are mainly designed to control motion in two major foot joints, which lie directly below the ankle joint. This type of orthotic is in many instances used to improve or eliminate pain in the legs, thighs and lower back due to abnormal function of the foot. This would be immediately followed by a series of high fashion assassinations to which the french revolution pale in comparison (watch out, Blahnik -you’re first on the chopping block!). Swelling and pain in the area of the bump can also occur. These are signs of bursitis , which is an inflamed pocket of fluid. A bunion sufferer will also notice that their foot appears to have gotten wider. This widening occurs because of a gradual separation of the fifth metatarsal bone from the fourth metatarsal bone that lies next to it. This separation of the metatarsal bones is a root cause of the bunion, and is a consequence of abnormal foot function. What Causes a Tailor's Bunion? Please consult with your treating doctor or therapist to determine if the DonJoy Arch Rival is the orthotic device for your condition. A bunion is an abnormal, bony growth or bump on the joint at the base of the big toe. As the joint becomes enlarged, it crowds the other toes and is pushed outward, causing pain. Bunion treatments vary according to how severe the bunion is and how much pain it causes. Options in treatment range from conservative lifestyle recommendations for mild cases to surgery for more severe bunions. For bunions that require surgery, there are several procedures available that have proven to be quite successful. Your feet may get wider and longer as you grow older. Each time you purchase a new pair of shoes, have your feet sized.